Sharing with Africa

  • African Diplomacy: the case of Gambia

    GambiaOften the news circulating on the most read newspapers and the most watched/listened broadcasters convey the image of an extremely poor Africa: its endless civil wars, epidemics such as AIDS, ebola, malaria, etc. A continent where population growth is a threat. People constantly fleeing war or poverty by migrating to neighboring countries or to Europe, etc.

    The purpose of this article is not to contradict this image conveyed by certain media, but rather to highlight the other face of Africa that is not often shown. It is an Africa in search of its own unity. An Africa that struggles to find the most appropriate solutions to its problems. We could share several initiatives in this direction, but we would rather analyze the Gambian experience as a living witness of an Africa in search of negotiated solutions, specifically in the area of conflict resolution, as described in the document of the African Union: 'Vision 2064: an Africa without the sound of weapons.’

  • Botswana: A model for Africa

    If several African countries are known because of civil wars, extreme poverty, dictatorship, and corruption, Botswana can be considered an exception in the continent. In fact, it is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, mostly desert, rich in diamond resources, sparsely populated – only around two million inhabitants.

    BotswanaEconomically speaking, it is one of the few African countries which has experienced one of the greatest growth in the world since the 1960s, out of the exploitation of its very rich diamond resources, but also thanks to the good management implemented by its leaders since independence. As to economic growth, for example, while the rest of Africa experienced an average negative economic growth rate of -0.3% over the period 1965 to 1998, Botswana recorded an average 7.7% growth rate over the same period. Such performance was, at the time, higher than the one of the ‘Asian tigers’ - which performed miracles of economic growth during the last quarter century. In this perspective, this country of reference for Africa multiplied by 11 the standard of living of its citizens between 1960 and 2007 according to the 2008 World Bank Report.

  • L'Accordo di pace di Roma tra gli attori del conflitto nella Repubblica Centrafricana

    Roma - Il 19 Giugno 2017, presso la Comunità di Sant’Egidio è stato firmato l’accordo di pace che prevede un cessate il fuoco immediato tra il governo della Repubblica Centrafricana e 14 gruppi ribelli armati.

    mappa Rep. Centro Africana

    La Repubblica Centrafricana è un Paese dell'Africa centrale con oltre 5 milioni di abitanti e una superficie di circa 623.000 km2. Confina con il Camerun a ovest, il Ciad a nord, il Sudan e il Sud-Sudan ad est, la Repubblica Democratica del Congo e il Congo-Brazaville a sud.

    L'importanza dell'Accordo di Roma non può essere compresa senza una panoramica storica di questo Paese.
    Infatti, dall'indipendenza ottenuta nel 1960, il Paese ha vissuto numerosi colpi di Stato ed episodi di violenza politica. Tuttavia, la crisi esplosa nel 2012, è considerata dai centrafricani la più tragica nella storia del Paese. Secondo diversi analisti (Emmanuel Chauvin, Christian Seignobos, ecc.), dopo la presa del potere da parte degli ex Seleka, principalmente musulmani, nel marzo 2013, il presidente deposto, François Bozizé, ha invitato i suoi sostenitori a prendere le armi per difendere la loro patria. Di conseguenza, i numerosi abusi commessi da membri degli ex-Seleka a danno della popolazione, hanno spinto i centrafricani di fede cristiana a formare a loro volta una milizia armata, chiamata anti-Balaka, che ha preso di mira direttamente la popolazione musulmana. 

  • Promoting Participatory Citizenship: «African Youths Held Hostage»

    AfricaYouth is a broad subject, that has sparked a lot of discussion, especially amongst youth movements worldwide (the Arab Spring, the « outraged » in Europe, and demonstrations against abuses perpetrated by African leaders, etc.). However, this article shall focus only on the role young people are supposed to play. 

    As a matter of fact, young people have been considered as a marginalized category for a long time, but today they are being targeted. And this is happening not only because of the enormous potential they represent and the self-confidence they seem to have, but also because they are able to change the world for the better and, unfortunately, also for the worse. Experts believe that many young people try to enhance their potential, but do not always succeed. When opportunities are lacking, their ambition turns to frustration, which is then exploited by groups who are working to promote their own agenda such as politicians, extremists, drug cartels, armed groups, etc. Analysts believe that young people are vulnerable to indoctrination, especially because they lack experience and historically-conscious knowledge. 

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